Contact Us
FOR PATIENTS
SOLEADOCTORS.COM

Clinical Studies | Convergent Dental

1 MIN READ

In vitro CO2 9.3-μm short-pulsed laser caries prevention—effects of a newly developed laser irradiation pattern

Peter Rechmann & C. Q. Le & R. Kinsel & C. Kerbage & B. M. T. Rechmann

Click here for full study.

ABSTRACT

Caries prevention with different lasers has been investigated in laboratory studies and clinical pilot trials. Objective of this in vitro study was to assess whether 9.3-μm microsecond short-pulsed CO2 laser irradiation enhances enamel caries resistance without melting, with and without additional fluoride application. Seven groups of enamel, totaling 105 human enamel samples, were irradiated with 2 different carbon dioxide lasers with 2 different energy application systems (original versus spread beam; 9.3 μm wavelength, pulse repetition rate 43 Hz vs 100 Hz, fluence ranges from 1.4 to 3.9 J/cm2, pulse duration 3 μs to 18 μs). The laboratory pH-cycling was performed with or without additional fluoride, followed by cross-sectional microhardness testing. To assess caries inhibition, the mean relative mineral loss delta Z (ΔZ) was determined. To evaluate for melting, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) examinations were performed. For the non-laser control groups with additional fluoride use, the relative mineral loss (ΔZ, vol% × μm) ranged between 512 ± 292 and 809 ± 297 (mean ± SD). ΔZ for the laser-irradiated samples with fluoride use ranged between 186 ± 214 and 374 ± 191, averaging a 58%± 6% mineral loss reduction (ANOVA, P < 0.01 to P < 0.0001). For the non-laser-treated controls without additional fluoride, the mineral loss increased (ΔZ 914 ± 422 to 1224 ± 736). In contrast, the ΔZ for the laser-treated groups without additional fluoride ranged between 463 ± 190 and 594 ± 272 (P < 0.01 to P < 0.001) indicative of 50%± 2% average reduction in mineral loss. Enhanced caries resistance was achieved by all applied fluences. Using the spread beamresulted in enhanced resistancewithout enamel melting as seen by SEM. CO2 9.3-μm short-pulsed laser irradiation with both laser beam configurations resulted in highly significant reduction in enamel mineral loss. Modifying the beam to a more homogenous profile will allow enamel caries resistance even without apparent enamel melting.

Case Report of Spongiotic Gingivitis in an Adult Male T...

Eugenia P. Roberts, DDS Gregory M. Schuster, DDS Steven Haub, DDS

1 min read

Request More Information